Examiner l'évaluation de la qualité : 8 (strong)
Référence: Thind H, Lantini R, Balletto B, Donahue M, Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Bock B, et al. (2017). The effects of yoga among adults with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine, 105, 116-126.Résumé des données probantes Lien vers PubMed
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effects of yoga for glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Comprehensive electronic databases searches located 2559 unique studies with relevant key terms. Studies were included if they (1) evaluated a yoga intervention to promote T2DM management, (2) used a comparison group, (3) reported an objective measure of glycemic control at post-intervention, and (4) had follow-up length or post-test of at least 8 weeks from baseline. Independent raters coded participant, design and methodological characteristics and intervention content. Summary effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Twenty-three studies with 2473 participants (mean age = 53 years; 43% women) met eligibility criteria. Compared with controls, yoga participants were successful in improving their HbA1c (d+ = 0.36, 95% CI = 0.16, 0.56; k = 16), FBG (d+ = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.40, 0.76; k = 20), and PPBG (d+ = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.23, 0.56; k = 14). Yoga was also associated with significant improvements in lipid profile, blood pressure, body mass index, waist/hip ratio and cortisol levels. Overall, studies satisfied an average of 41% of the methodological quality (MQ) criteria; MQ score was not associated with any outcome (Ps > 0.05). Yoga improved glycemic outcomes and other risk factors for complications in adults with T2DM relative to a control condition. Additional studies with longer follow-ups are needed to determine the long-term efficacy of yoga for adults with T2DM. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
activité physique, adultes (20-59), aînés (60+), communauté, diabète, domicile, éducation/sensibilisation et perfectionnement professionnel/formation, emplacement commercial, méta-analyse, modification du comportement, pays à faible revenu et à revenu intermédiaire (PFR-PRI), santé des adultes