+AA
En
Retour
Article de santé publique

Y a-t-il des données probantes sur les avantages pour la santé des groupes de marche? Une revue systématique et méta-analyse



Examiner l'évaluation de la qualité : 10 (strong)

Référence: Hanson S, & Jones A. (2015). Is there evidence that walking groups have health benefits? A systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(11), 710-715.

Résumé des données probantes Article complet gratuit Lien vers PubMed Résumé en langage simple

Résumé (en anglais)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the health benefits of outdoor walking groups.
DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of walking group interventions examining differences in commonly used physiological, psychological and well-being outcomes between baseline and intervention end.
DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases, clinical trial registers, grey literature and reference lists in English language up to November 2013.
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Adults, group walking outdoors with outcomes directly attributable to the walking intervention.
RESULTS: Forty-two studies were identified involving 1843 participants. There is evidence that walking groups have wide-ranging health benefits. Meta-analysis showed statistically significant reductions in mean difference for systolic blood pressure -3.72mmHg (-5.28 to -2.17) and diastolic blood pressure -3.14mmHg (-4.15 to -2.13); resting heart rate -2.88bpm (-4.13 to -1.64); body fat -1.31% (-2.10 to -0.52), body mass index -0.71kg/m(2) (-1.19 to -0.23), total cholesterol -0.11mmol/L (-0.22 to -0.01) and statistically significant mean increases in VO(2max) of 2.66 mL/kg/min (1.67-3.65), the SF-36 (physical functioning) score 6.02 (0.51 to 11.53) and a 6min walk time of 79.6m (53.37-105.84). A standardised mean difference showed a reduction in depression scores with an effect size of -0.67 (-0.97 to -0.38). The evidence was less clear for other outcomes such as waist circumference fasting glucose, SF-36 (mental health) and serum lipids such as high-density lipids. There were no notable adverse side effects reported in any of the studies.
CONCLUSIONS: Walking groups are effective and safe with good adherence and wide-ranging health benefits. They could be a promising intervention as an adjunct to other healthcare or as a proactive health-promoting activity.


Mots-clés

activité physique, adultes (20-59), aînés (60+), centre communautaire/de loisirs, communauté, fournisseur de soins de santé primaires, méta-analyse, modification du comportement, santé des adultes

Voulez-vous savoir ce que lisent les professionnels? Inscrivez-vous pour accéder gratuitement à tous les contenus professionnels.

S'inscrire
Intéressés par les recherches sur le vieillissement? Inscrivez-vous aux alertes par courriel.
La traduction française du contenu destiné au grand public sur ce site Web est soutenue en partie par le Réseau québécois de recherche sur le vieillissement.
© 2012 - 2019 McMaster University | 1280 Main Street West | Hamilton, Ontario L8S4L8 | +1 905-525-9140 | Conditions d'utilisation